Magnolia ashei is classed as a subspecies of Magnolia macrophylla. This is probably the best garden plant of the species as it is the smallest grower. The foliage is generally healthier looking than ssp macrophylla. It occurs naturally in a limited range in northern Florida, where it lives in  canyons and reaches out for the light from among pines and other species.It starts flowering from a young age, sometimes as a 2 year old seedling in the nursery. The flowers are generally a little smaller than the other subspecies and the dark "eye" at the centre can be variable from dark to almost non-existent. As the flowers mature and release their pollen, the stamens are released and almost appear to be able to drop into receptive flowers below that are distinctly funnel shaped at the tip. The tepals also curve over the centre of the flower to give the stamens partial protection from rain. In the autumn the fertilized flowers develop into bright seed ''cones".

This is a subspecies of Magnolia macrophylla that grows in the cloud forest at high altitude in eastern Mexico. This variety is less hardy than the other 2 subspecies and is a large grower with handsome foliage. It starts to flower at a young age and reasonable size as can be seen from this flower on a 4 year old seedling. The morning sun has given the normally white flower a slight parchment tone.

This is a Japanese species and belongs to the "umbrella magnolia" group of species so named because they hold their foliage in whorls or umbrellas at the end of the new seasons growth. This species requires a reasonable amount of shelter to avoid wind damage to the soft growth. The new growth is slightly bronze and the foliage develops to a mat green with visible veins. The flowers are held above the foliage and emit a delicious fruity perfume that will move around the garden a good distance.

The tree grows upright and spreads with age forming a plant 5m or so tall and 3m wide in 10 years.

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This species has white pendulous flowers with a pink boss of stamens. The plants tend to branch from the base forming an upright spreading small tree. Later in summer the pendulous seedpods turn bright red and are quite a feature. Autumn foliage turns yellow before falling.

This is a species from the Eastern United States and was one of the first magnolia species described by botanists. The white or parchment coloured flowers appear in summer after the first leaves have developed. The foliage is large and tropical looking, but on the soft side so it needs shelter from wind.

The illustrated flower was a graft, with flowers normally appearing when the seedlings are 2-3m tall. The trees develop into a rounded canopy about 5m tall in 10 years. We have large specimens for collection only, and 1 - 1.5m seedlings for mail order.

This is a hybrid raised in Japan either by a deliberate or chance hybrid between M. sieboldii and M. obovata in or before the 19th century. It has the best of both parents, a modest sized plant with showy perfumed flowers. The fruity perfume will fill the garden for many metres around the tree.

Duncan and Davies imported this clone from Hilliers in the early 1940's and it was propagated by layering from then until the late 1960's when it appeared to fall from favour. Our plants are grafted and perform well, developing flowers in the first year after planting. M. wieseneri forms a rounded to conical plant to about 4m in 10 years.

This attractive species is similar to M. sieboldii in general terms, but the foliage is slightly more hairy and the pendulous flowers have rich purplish red stamens. The plant forms a small tree spreading upwards from the base, and is best planted in a slightly raised position to view the flowers more easily. It prefers a rich cool soil, but needs about half a day full sun to set flowers well. Will reach about 3m hight x 2m wide in 10 years.


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